Exploring language for IELTS topics

Exploring language for IELTS topics

There are roughly a dozen topics in the IELTS exam. Any of these can be covered in your writing, speaking, listening and to an extent, reading exam.

That's why it is really important to know a specific set of vocabulary for each IELTS topic.

I have put together a succinct guide for topic-specific language for the vast majority of the IELTS subject matters.

You know how important it is to have a high level and range of vocabulary for the exam, but we need to be realistic. Learning new words aimlessly is not something I recommend. Because, how do you know where to begin, and where to end?

The solution I believe, is to learn words that are specifically related to the IELTS topics. In the resource I have created, there are roughly 15 words per topic, including synonyms, subject related words and collocations (signalled with a (c) next to the word), to help boost your application of language.

The aim here to cast a smaller more effective net, rather than a wider more aimless net.

Grab your free IELTS resource below!

At a glance, these are some of the IELTS words that are commonly used

Understanding and being able to use these words in context will be more beneficial than simply memorising them. Try to read articles, listen to podcasts, and watch videos on these topics to see how these words are used in real-world contexts.


  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Ecosystem
  • Renewable resources
  • Sustainability
  • Carbon footprint
  • Deforestation
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Pollution
  • Climate change


  • Artificial intelligence (AI)
  • Cybersecurity
  • Digital literacy
  • Innovation
  • Social media
  • Virtual reality (VR)
  • Automation
  • Connectivity
  • Online privacy
  • Technological advancement


  • Curriculum
  • Distance learning
  • Literacy
  • Pedagogy
  • Scholarships
  • Student engagement
  • Vocational training
  • Academic achievement
  • Inclusive education
  • Lifelong learning


  • Preventive care
  • Mental health
  • Nutrition
  • Pandemic
  • Vaccination
  • Wellness
  • Chronic diseases
  • Healthcare system
  • Physical fitness
  • Stress management


  • Cultural diversity
  • Gender equality
  • Globalisation
  • Social mobility
  • Urbanisation
  • Work-life balance
  • Poverty
  • Social norms
  • Unemployment
  • Youth empowerment

Crime and Punishment

  • Capital punishment
  • Forensic science
  • Juvenile delinquency
  • Rehabilitation
  • Surveillance
  • White-collar crime
  • Cybercrime
  • Law enforcement
  • Penal system
  • Victim rights

Travel and Tourism

  • Ecotourism
  • Heritage sites
  • Itinerary
  • Sustainable travel
  • Tourist attractions
  • Cultural exchange
  • Hospitality
  • Travel restrictions
  • Adventure tourism
  • Local cuisine